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History Thăng Long imperial citadel - Ha Noi

History Thăng Long imperial citadel - Ha Noi
 Thus in 1010 the capital was moved to Đại La and the name was changed to Thăng Long. Thăng Long means Soaring Dragon, and it is said that while crossing the river, the king saw a dragon in the sky, thus he knew that the place where his capital was to be located in a truly great place.
 In 1014 walls were built up, encircling the city. In 1029 new walls were built inside the city, creating the Forbidden Palace. Once they were completed, Thăng Long had three sets of walls: the outer wall was named Đại La, the middle wall Thăng Long, and the innermost Long Thành. Within the walls the Lý kings built palaces, pagodas, towers, shrines, and temples as well as living quarters. Vague statistics I from the period show that there were approximately 207 1 construction projects undertaken between 1010 and 1203 by I the Lý kings. It is important to note however that the lists I discovered are clearly incomplete and many other projects I would have been undertaken. In 1225 the empress Lý Chiêu Hoàng yielded the throne to her husband, Trần Thái Tông, ending the Lý Dynasty! and beginning the Trần Dynasty. In 1230 the Trần king! redesigined the central city and built two new palaces along 1 with several wells and offices. The Tran initiated large scale« construction two other times, in 1289 and 1371. During the Nguyễn period two important events l occurred. The first is the moving of the capital from Tháng Long to Huế.

This greatly diminished the Ỉ mportance of Thăng Long as all national administrative functions were transferred south to the expanding city of Huế. In a literal sense, much of the former capital moved south in the form of building materials as former palaces were demolished. In 1805 Emperor Gia Long destroyed the Tháng Long Citadel of the Lê Dynasty and built a new citadel for the governor of northern Việt Nam called Long Thiên Palace. The second event was the French occupation of Việt Nam in 1882. By 1897 nearly aft iof the old citadel was demolished and new French style buildings were erected in their place. The only above ground remnants that survived the French occupation are Đoan Môn, Kính Thiên Palace built in the Lê period, the Flag tower, Bắc Môn, and some walls and gates from the Nguyễn Dynasty’s palaces. In 1954 the Vietnamese Ministy of Defense took control of the area and only relinquished control of it in 2004. Of particular note is House D67, a bomb shelter where the revolutionary council met during the wars between 1967 and 1975. The French occupation and the subsequent wars following the declaration of independence by Hồ Chí Minh has largely devastated the above ground remnants of Thăng 0ng Citadel. However, some structures have survived.
 
Update : 08-04-2016

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